By Muneer Shamee
Natural disasters have increased leaps and bounds in the last decades caused by continuous climate change, ever increasing urbanisation and men’s greediness. The United Nations General Assembly has declared the second Wednesday of October as International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction, since 21 December 2009, it has been observed annually to commemorate the Day to raise awareness of how people can minimise the risk of natural disaster which leaves millions and millions of people shelterless every now and then. We should try to make a more resilient world. Disasters can be natural like Geophysical, Biological, meteorological, hydrological and climatology or man-made hazards like riots, violent protests and conflicts etc.
The fury of nature has pushed behind man’s progress and prosperity since past times. Various natural occuring disaters are floods or famines, droughts, cyclones, volcanic eruptions, cyclones, earthquakes, Tsunami’s, cloud burst, slow avalanches, storms and landslides. Man-made or natural hazards have posted severe threat to the people all over the world. Threats like epidemics, nuclear radiations, emissions of toxic elements in air as well as water, forest fire, explosions, industrial wastes, chemical leakage or release of toxic elements, oil spills, wars, strifes, terrorist attacks, train or road accidents, communal or other riots, desertification and environmental degradation are man-made disasters which affected the large sections of society or community. Disaster can effects social, economical, environmental, medical as well as administration capacity. Demands of essential commodities increased, spreading of disease are common, collapsing of buildings, bridges, railways, road transport causes great economic lose. Disaster also pollutes land, air and water causing various environmental problems. It also causes damage to governmental administration and systems.
Disasters are unprecedented and occurs anywhere without discriminating people, country or religion. It is best to learn how to reduce it to the possible extent. We have to remain consciousness or aware about the various possible hazards. Sudden fury of nature doesn’t provide time for evacuation. Disasters like droughts, floods, cyclones and volcanic eruptions can be prevented to some extent as they take time to occur. These natural disasters multiplies due to human interventions to the natural process. They are parts and parcel of human negligence and human activities. During natural disasters diseases spread leaps and bounds due to unhygienic conditions increasing the number of casualties. Unplanned building and settlement cause in occuring landslides. Floods can be effect the low lying places and often submerged during heavy rainfall. Some man-made disasters can occur suddenly which gave little time to prevent but many man made events can be subverted as they are time taking and can be minimised due to evacuation. Desertification can be enlarged at human’s callousness towards nature. Environmental degradation get enlarged due to man’s inhuman attitude to eco-system. Sudden events lead to huge loss of life and property. They depend on extent of disaster, period of disaster and damage it causes.
It is almost impossible to obviate natural disaster but we can reduce the devastating destruction to the possible extent. Managing risk of disaster by various measures taken to protect building, malls, theatres and infrastructures can be reduced to an extent by education and training to cope with the threat. It has deep impact on environment or economic fields. Our integrated approach to Disaster Management should reduced by prevention approaches. This helps in preventing the so called disaster and early warnings in prone areas. Collective collaboration in any disaster management can help in minimising the higher risk. Do’s and don’ts during operating machines can be effectively managed. People should be made conscious about the possible natural or man-made disasters. When disasters occur people came forward to help the needy one at their own method. Then they wait for some professional aids and assistance to minimise the severity. Events planning and proper management of skill helps in identifying the possible threat and availability of resources available, spreading awareness, rehabilitation and rescue work for the people living in the area prone to flood and drought can be affectively managed.