Jamshedpur, Aug. 27: Dengue is spreading across the steel city. Doctors in the city blame the rise in dengue cases to the deteriorating hygiene in the city. They said that if the civic bodies do nothing, the number of cases could spiral out of control.
While two suspected cases samples were sent to the vector lab at the Dimna-based MGM Medical College for the confirmatory Elisa test two more samples have been sent today for confirmatory test at the same locations by the Integrated Diseases Surveillance Programme office. A total of 40 cases of Dengue and Japanese Encephalitis have been reported.
However, the resurfacing of dengue positive cases has prompted the East Singhbhum district health department to direct the district filaria for a change in strategy adopting to counter vector (Aedes Aegypti) menace.
The department which earlier used to only spray larvicidal apart from undertaking cleanliness exercise will be opting for destroying unused containers (identified vector breeding centers) in the affected areas and educating people on not allowing water to stagnate in residential areas.
Japanese Encephalitis, (JE) the viral disease caused by a flavivirus that infects animals and humans are on the rise in the city. In the last 48 hours several cases of JE have come to the light forcing the health officials here to remain vigilant and pursue its cleaning drive on war-footing in the worst malaria affected areas.
JE is a disease caused by a flavivirus. It is transmitted by mosquitoes and, in humans causes inflammation of the membranes around the brain.
Most JE virus infections are mild (fever and headache) or without apparent symptoms, but approximately 1 in 200 infections results in severe disease characterized by rapid onset of high fever, headache, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, seizures, spastic paralysis and death.
According to the reports, three JE cases have come to the light but health officials are not ready to confirm the same, as yet. “We are waiting for the records to reach civil surgeon’s office,” said an official when asked about the casualty toll.
The civil surgeon’s office has however said that along with Ranchi and Gaya (in Bihar) JE cases in considerable number have come to the notice, here. The National Institute of Virology, (NIV-Pune) team that carried larva samples of the Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes for study has confirmed presence of JE viral disease.
“Awareness is the best medicine to prevent the spread of any form of viral infection and we urge upon the people to practice, among other things, storing water scientifically in their respective places,” said a medical officer at the malaria department.
“Jusco had been carrying out spraying of anti-larvicidal chemicals and fogging under its command areas while the local urban bodies along with district filaria department have been spraying anti-larvicidal and also distributing pamphlets informing masses not to let water accumulate in unused containers and complain about clogging of drains.
However, now we want to visit spots which had witnessed higher number of dengue and chikungunya cases in the past and destroy water accumulating containers in houses,’ said the official.